Neurofeedback Therapy is the use of computerised equipment to record a person’s brainwaves.
These are converted by the computer so that when desired or “good” brainwaves are
produced a graphic display on the computer screen changes e.g. it could be a thermometer
rising or a dolphin swimming.
Neurofeedback is sometimes called an “exercise for the brain.” It helps the individual
to learn to regulate his/her brainwaves.
The scientific literature has examples of many problems that can be helped with neurofeedback.
These include those in the boxes below:
Anxiety and Panic Disorder
Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Neurofeedback has also been successfully used for Peak Performance Training. This
teaches an individual to use the full capacity of his/her brain in the performance
of a task, be it athletic, academic, work place task performance, musical or one
of the performing arts.The number of sessions needed varies as Neurofeedback is a
learning process so results are seen gradually over time.
How is Neurofeedback carried out?
Small electrodes are placed on the scalp to measure and record the electrical activity
in various parts of the brain. Information regarding this brainwave activity is
then relayed to a computer. The computer, in turn, converts the brainwaves into
a graphic display that the trainee sees on a computer screen. Using the information
gained from this graphic display, the trainee can learn how to produce the needed
brainwave pattern for a given activity. Note that no electrical current is put into
the brain. The equipment is not capable of doing that. It only reads information
about what the brain is doing (much like a thermometer reads the temperature) and
provides that information to the trainee in an useable form.
Once trained the brain maintains the new level of functioning.